LEIGH CLINE - THE MUSIC


THE MUSIC

 

ORIENT EXPRESS is a synthesis of musics traditional and modern, acoustic and electric, East and West. The music is based on folk and pop music (including eastern polyrhythms and modes) from the Balkans, Turkey, The Caucasus, the Arabic Countries, Iran, India and Central Asia, layered with Western instruments and using Western studio techniques.

 

MUSIC SONGS INSTRUMENTS






THE SONGS

 

ORIENT EXPRESS - The title song, with rhythms as varied as 22/16 and 15/16, is a musical journey along much of the eastern route of the legendary ORIENT EXPRESS. The music includes guitar and clarinet improvisations, synthesizers and Balkan tambura.

ASIA MAJOR - Played in the flowing, romantic style of the Middle East using the modes of Hijaz and Ushak, the first part features synthesizers and guitar. The second half of the piece features clarinet and Turkish saz (long neck lute) playing improvisations over a 5/4 rhythm, accompanied by synthesizers and percussion, including tabla and zils (finger cymbals).

ZEYBEK - Fashioned on the Greek derivation of the Turkish Eagle Dance from the Aegean Coast of Asia Minor, this piece features synthesizers, guitar and bouzouki over the traditional 9/4 rhythm.

BLACK SEA FANTASY - Featuring Michael Kaliontzidis, the foremost kementche(Black Sea fiddle) player in Greece. This instrument is pictured in early Byzantine paintings. The song rhythm is based on a 9/16 dance from the area around present day Giresun, Turkey (ancient "Kerasous", the Black sea town where the Romans discovered "cherries" or, in French,"cerise").

CROSSTALK - A synthesis of Eastern and Western styles featuring guitar,kementche, fretless bouzouki and Iranian santur (hammered dulcimer) over rock-style synth, bass and drum bed tracks.

YANNA - With echoes of the mountainous regions of the Epirus area of northern Greece and southern Albania, this piece features flutes, guitar and synthesizers and is named for the city of Yannina in Greece, the old capital of the region.

TRABZON REVISITED - Featuring solo guitar, as well as two of Greece's foremost Pontic Greek musicians - Michael Kaliontzidis on kementche and Polios Papagiannidis on tulum (double chanter bagpipe) - this piece incorporates two ancient dance forms as described by Xenophon in the 4th Century B.C.in his travels through the Black Sea area of present day Turkey. Also included is one of the melodies of the 1200-year-old Digenes Akritas, the epic poem of Byzantine border warriors, that is still sung today.

OFFSET - As the name of this song implies, almost every bar has a time change, moving, for example, from 13/8 to 8/8/ to 14/8 to 7/8 to 12/8, without compromising the smoothness and flow of the melody.

THE SABRES OF PARADISE - Starting with a long santur taksim or improvisation,this medley is a mixture of styles, voicings, melodies and rhythms from areas of the Caucasus Mountains as diverse as Daghestan, Ossetia, Chechnia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia.


MUSIC SONGS INSTRUMENTS








THE INSTRUMENTS

 

ORIENT EXPRESS was recorded multitrack analogue with Dolby SR and mostly CAD microphones. Mixdown was automated with Twister automation software and premastering was done on a Sonic Solutions system.



THE INSTRUMENTS:

Greek bouzouki - standard Greek bouzouki tuned C F A D
Fretless bouzouki - Greek bouzouki with the frets removed and played in normal tuning
Santur - Iranian hammered dulcimer
Clarinet - Albert system clarinet
Saz - Turkish long necked lute similar in shape to the bouzouki but with a longer neck and microtonal fretting
Kemenche/Lyra - Kemenche in Turkish, Lyra in Greek. Bottle shaped fiddle from the Southern Black Sea region. Played in the upright position
Tulum/Angeion - Tulum in Turkish, Angeion in Greek. Polyphonic (no drone)double chanter bagpipe also from the Southern Black Sea region
Tambura - long necked lute similar to a smaller version of the bouzouki with two double courses tuned A D. Used to be common all over the Balkans

as well as:

electric & acoustic guitars, electric (fretless & fretted) bass, drums and percussion, orchestral flute and alto flute and a multitude of Midi equipment


MUSIC SONGS INSTRUMENTS


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